The Commerce Square (Praça do Comércio) is the most important area of Lisbon . It was built in the place previously occupied by the Royal Palace, the building destroyed by the great earthquake of 1755.
The appearance of the Piazza del Commercio is given by a complex of buildings with arcades along three of its sides, while the south side is open and looks towards the Tagus. Historically, merchant boats arrived here and it was the gateway to Lisbon .
Near the square, on the banks of the river, there is the Cais de Sodré river station, from where the excursions to the Tagus start and the boats cross the river.
Points of interest
In the Piazza del Commercio there are two points of interest :
Triumphal Arch of Rua Augusta
Located on the northern side of the Piazza del Commercio , the Rua Augusta, the most important street of La Baixa, starts from the Arco di Trionfo.
The Arc de Triomphe of the Rua Augusta was designed by the architect Santos de Carvalho , to celebrate the construction of the city, after the great earthquake. Its construction was completed in 1873 and its statues represent, among others, Vasco de Gama and the Marquis of Pombal.
Equestrian statue of Joseph I
Sculpted in bronze by Machado de Castro in 1775 it represents Joseph I, the Portuguese king who ruled Lisbon during the earthquake.